in 1799,a fortunate stroke of serendipity occurred when Napoleon’s troops were digging the foundation for a fort in near Rashid in the Nile Delta,Egypt. They discovered one of the most significant artifacts of the ancient world…the #rosettastone.
(Thank you @natgeo
for the reminder!). Photo taken on a recent trip to #London.
More on the #RosettaStone,
courtesy of the @britishmuseum
: - It was part of a larger stone slab (technical term: #Stelae),
which would have been found in just about every temple in Egypt. - There were 14 lines of hieroglyphics, 32 lines of Demotic (colloquial) text, and 53 lines of #AncientGreek
text on the stone. - The encryption is an official decree about King Ptolemy V (who reigned over Egypt from 204-181BC) on the 1st anniversary of his #coronation,
listing all his accomplishments in his first year as pharaoh. - The name “Rosetta” is the French translation of the town Rashid, where the stone was found. - In the 19th century, Thomas Young deciphered, using the #Greek
translation on the stone, that the hieroglyphs translated into sounds depicting the royal name of Ptolemy. - Following this #discovery, #French
scholar Jean Francois Champollion realized the #hieroglyphs
recorded the #Egyptian
language through his knowledge of the Coptic language ( a derivative of ancient Egyptian). Where can you see it in person?
On the ground floor on the @britishmuseum
, in room 4. Per the terms of the Treaty of Alexandria (1801), upon Napoleon’s defeat, the stone became property of the British crown (@theroyalfamily
) and was shipped to #England
in 1802. It has remained in the #BritishMuseum
ever since; with the exception a two-year stint on the #PostalTubeRailway,
50 feet below ground at Holborn towards the end of WWI.
To continue learning more, please visit the #britishmuseum’s
#christianavphotography #london #england #nowyouknow #history #historyfacts #historyofart #historygram #travel #travelblogger #historyblogger #photography #ancientegypt #ancientgreece #archaeology