Ashurbanipal (668-627 BCE, also known as Assurbanipal) was the last of the great kings of Assyria. His name means "the god Ashur is creator of an heir" and he was the son of King Esarhaddon of the Neo-Assyrian Empire. In the Hebrew Tanakh (the Christian Old Testament) he is called As (e) nappar or Osnapper (Ezra 4:10), while the Greeks knew him as Sardanapolos and the Romans as Sardanapulus. I have attained the greatest territorial expansion of the #Assyrian
Empire which included Babylonia, Persia, Syria, and Egypt (although Egypt was lost as a result of a revolt under the reign of the #EgyptianPharaohPsammetichus
I). Ashurbanipal was a popular king who ruled his citizens fairly but was marked for his cruelty towards those whom he defeated (the best known example being a relief depicting the defeated king with a dog chain through his jaw, being forced to live in a kennel after capture ). He is best known for his vast library at Nineveh, which he himself considered his greatest achievement. Under #Ashurbanipal& #039;s
reign, the country of Elam (which had long been an unconquerable enemy of Assyria) was destroyed and Urartu, another long-time adversary, was dominated. Toward the end of his reign, however, the empire had grown too large and too difficult to properly defend. The Assyrian Empire was already crumbling to the end of his reign and, with his death, fell apart completely. It was important to write to the Mesopotamians that, under the Assyrian king Ashurbanipal (685-627 BC), more than 30,000 were collected books of clay tablets in the library of his capital in #Nineveh.
Ashurbanipal hoped to preserve the heritage, culture and history of the region and clearly understood the importance of the written word to achieve this goal. Among the many books in his library, Ashurbanipal included literary works, such as the story of #Gilgamesh
or the story of Etana, because he realized that literature not only articulates the history of certain people, but of all people... #Anunnaki_insight_ #ashurbanipal #anunnakihistory